Tuesday, March 5, 2013

38 Stomach flu symptoms 2013 - Viral Gastroenteritis (Stomach Flu) Symptoms, Causes, Treatments

stomach flu

Viral gastroenteritis, also known as stomach flu, is an inflammation of the mucous coating of the stomach and intestines caused by certain groups of viruses. They stay in the epithelial cells of the mucosa, where they breed and cause damage to normal structure and function. The Stomach flu is highly infectious and very common - every year there are tens of millions.

1. What are the stomach flu symptoms?

The main stomach flu symptoms are watery diarrhea and vomiting. Also, frequent and headache, fever, chills and abdominal pain.

Dehydration is the most common complication of stomach flu. Infants, young children, the elderly and those with weakened immune systems are most at risk. Symptoms of dehydration are thirst, infrequent urination, dark urine, lethargy, fatigue, dizziness.

In young children and infants stomach flu symptoms are dry mouth and tongue, crying without tears, fever, unusually loud crying or high irritability, sunken eyes and cheeks.

Medical attention should be sought mandatory for young children and people with suppressed immunity, and in cases of blood in the stool (indication of bacterial superinfection), severe and prolonged course of infection, signs of dehydration. Severe dehydration may require intravenous hydration in hospital.

2. What are the most common stomach flu causes?

Rotavirus. Rotavirus is the leading cause of gastroenteritis in infants and young children. The incubation period of Rotavirus lasts from 1 to 3 days. Usually the infection is accompanied by watery diarrhea, vomiting, fever and muscle pain for 3 to 7 days. Rotaviruses can infect and adults in contact with the ailing child. Stomach flu symptoms in adult occur more easily.

Calicivirus. Cause infections in people of all ages. Noroviruses are the most common calicivirus and the most common cause of stomach flu in adults. Often reach epidemic. Usually stomach flu epidemics broke out between October and April, but are available at any time of year. Typical symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fatigue, headache and muscle aches. Symptoms begin 1-2 days after contact with the virus and last 1 to 3 days.

Adenoviruses. Mainly infect children under 2 years. There are 49 types of adenoviruses, one of which affects the intestinal tract and cause vomiting and diarrhea. The incubation period is 8-10 days and symptoms persist between one and two weeks. Adenovirus infections can occur at any time of year.

Astrovirus. Infect mostly infants and children less adults. The symptoms are watery diarrhea and vomiting continued until one week and appear after an incubation period of 3-4 days. The symptoms are milder than rotavirus or norovirus infections. Astroviral gastroenteritis are most common during the winter months.

3. How to transmit stomach flu?

Agents spread by airborne and contact-bit path. Available in feces and vomit. Patients can contaminate food and objects with the virus after defecating, especially if you do not wash your hands. It may be transmitted from contact with another person, such as a handshake. If vomiting viruses fall in the air.

Noroviruses are highly contagious especially. They can remain viable for months on the surface of objects that have not been thoroughly disinfected. In case of sick of such viruses is recommended disinfecting with bleach surrounding objects.

4. How to diagnose stomach flu?

Usually the diagnosis is based only on clinical manifestations. People with more severe and persistent symptoms may need to visit a specialist to recommend testing of feces to exclude bacterial and parasitic pathogens and identify company-or norovirus

5. What is the stomach flu treatment?

Most infections are self-limiting and require no etiological treatment.

Antibiotics are ineffective against viral infections!

The goal of treatment is control of stomach flu symptoms and prevent complications. OTC medications such as loperamide( and bismuth subsalitsilat (antacid antidiarik and antibacterial agent) can be administered in adults but not in children.

Important is proper diet, especially to prevent dehydration and violations of water-salt balance. It includes drinking plenty of fluids (preferably fruit juices or juices) to replace lost fluids and salts, feed restriction starting eating light, easily digestible foods - toast first, then cooked potatoes, rice and bananas, avoid of fatty meats and oily food.

Recommended and plenty of rest.

Children are particularly at risk of complications, especially dehydration. They may be appropriate giving special rehydration solutions. Recommended giving such solutions even in infants.

Currently exploring new diagnostic tests for different rotavirus strains, new vaccines, and noroviruses company and the benefits of probiotics for the treatment of gastroenteritis.

6. How to avoid viral gastroenteritis?

The risk of infection can be greatly reduced by following a few tips:

Thoroughly wash hands with soap after every visit to the toilet or changing diapers and before each meal.
Disinfect the patient's belongings. (Where possible, it is recommended to use bleach.)
Avoid consumption of foods and beverages that are suspected of being infected .

If symptoms of stomach flu, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and body aches lasting more than two days, be sure to seek medical attention! Stomach flu symptoms are same like symptoms of food poisoning, therefore, if the symptoms are very severe, you think about what you ate for the last 2 to 4 hours. If you suspect food poisoning, seek immediate medical attention.

38 коментара:

  1. Replies
    1. How do I know if I.have the stomach flu

    2. You can tell if you have a stomach flu, when track their symptoms. The first symptom is usually vomiting and after it, or with it appears watery diarrhea. There is pain in the stomach and intestines. If immediately appear fever and muscle aches may be the case of food poisoning.

    3. what does it mean when the hospital tell you you have a somtach flu but a day later your chest feels concaved?!?! Im worried

  2. Every time I try and eat I feel like my food is backed up into my throat I was throwing up monday with mild diarrhea haventvthrown up sense my stomach get really bloated and haven't been able to have a bowel movement other than liquid sense sat and its wed I'm starting to think there's something else wrong

    1. With these symptoms may suffer from gastroesophageal reflux . You should contact your doctor gastroenterologist for review. There may be another reason. My advice is to seek medical advice as soon as possible.

  3. You can tell if you have a stomach flu, when track their symptoms. The first symptom is usually vomiting and after it, or with it appears watery diarrhea. There is pain in the stomach and intestines. If immediately appear fever and muscle aches may be the case of food poisoning.

  4. Not sure if I have stomache flu or foof poisoning. How are the symptoms different?

  5. Symptoms of stomach flu and food poisoning are similar, almost identical. But there are symptoms which can distinguish food poisoning from stomach flu. Produ poisoning notice breathing problems, dizziness and slurred speech. These symptoms do not occur with stomach flu.

  6. Difference between gastroenteritis and food poisoning.- here

  7. hi i had the stomach flu on saturday it lingered till sunday but now it is wensday three days after but, im still suffering from bloating that makes me look pregnant D: i have had bloating before- i think due to indigestion- now i had caught the stomach flu its now intensified to a whole new level ! what do i do? im barely able to eat some fries and a drink with out dying from my fullness. plus im a fit person so i hate being fat let alone, let people think im pregnant with my new intensified bloating

  8. i am having the same problems with my stomach. Monday about 4pm i started felling nausea and threw up all evening followed with diarrhea Tuesday i was fine just tired from not able to sleep night before, the Wed after 4pm again i got sick nausea kicked in with diarrhea. i went to Dr and they told me stomach bug. but the
    is is weird that only after 4pm this is happening
    i have never had such a thing happen to me and seeing that i never throw up.
    is anyone else having this same problem?

  9. I have the same symptoms but without the vomiting, could this still be considered the flu? the stomach pain i worse than everything else, and I'm not throwing up. I'm on the 2nd day of this.

  10. third day since i started feeling icky and couldn't eat anything, second day of vomiting and still no sign of lighting up, i just had a hartmann reversal surgery to fix a colostomy bag i had to have put in last year! this is so unfair like grr. lol anyways I feel fine beyond trying to eat, back to fruit juice and clear ice cups for a while it seems. stomach bugs should have a medication like you can get for other types of flu :S.

  11. nice blog, one should take care of one's food, that it should b neat and clean, wash ur hands when u start on your meals.

  12. Hi, I've had this flu (in the ER- they told me gastroenteritis) 3 times in the last 5 months. The first 2 times, I got an anti-nausea treatment and never threw up (but had diarrhea). This last time, it was was awful. I probably should've had an i.v., but I was so sick I stayed home. I'm wondering if it's really the flu if I keep getting re-infected and it's gotten worse.

  13. I see what you mean. You may have different symptoms in each infection because viruses that cause gastroenteritis (stomach flu) are different.

  14. my husband came home from work saying his stomach "didn't feel right"....he ate supper. Went to bed around 9pm, said it still didn't feel right and felt nauseated. I gave him a Phenergan, hear him in the bathroom twice in about 15 minutes....diarrhea. He was up at 1:30 am, aching all over, chills, temp of 99.8, then the vomiting! The awful smell!! He finally sipped on a little bit of Gatorade, took another Phenergan and in now sleeping (it's 3:45 am). Stomach flu or regular flu??? I had the regular flu two yrs ago...no vomiting or diarrhea, not cold symptoms either.....just aches & pains like I had been beaten with a baseball bat and ran a temp for 10 days, 3 or 4 days it was over 104. And I got to the doctor the morning I started with the fever & aches and took Tamiflu. Guess I'm gonna be taking to see the doctor as soon as the office opens.

    1. it might be best not to eat, when ur stomach doesn't exactly feel right. stomach flu and seasonal flu usually start w/different symptoms. stomach flu starts w/ stomach symptoms, cramps, vomiting diarrea low some.aches and pains then headache some low grade fever. do not eat, use imodium ad, drink plenty once u cease vomiting
      eat a rice soup once u feel like eating. rest. make sure u do not get dehydrated, I do gatorade mixed with water. pls do not eat when ur stomach feels ill,. ever

  15. When the symptoms you describe , most likely a stomach flu . Able to be food poisoning. Ask your husband how many hours before ill are ate . Try to understand what is eaten . May be bacterial gastroenteritis. If you ate about 2 hours before you feel bad and start to vomit , there is a chance he obtained food poisoning. When he awoke , if still ill seek medical attention .

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