Thursday, February 14, 2013
Influenza is a highly contagious viral disease that affects the respiratory tract. Every year the flu sickens about 10 to 15% of the population. Flu decimating any age, especially susceptible to it are older than 65, children under 4 years old, the chronically ill, people with suppressed immunity and pregnant. 90% of the mortality rate for flu symptoms or flu complications for over 65 years. In about 95% of the deaths happened in America it comes to late diagnosis.
Flu symptoms in 2013 were widely well known, although a range of symptoms vary in number and intensity. Flu symptoms include fever, which rises quickly and sharply decreased after 3 to 5 days, pain in muscles and some joints, sore throat and irritating cough, runny and stuffy nose, headache. Heralds his heavy head, discomfort erythema eyes and sneezing. Fatigue and physical weakness are also typical of flu symptoms who stay up to two weeks after recovery. Also the time it takes to move and cough.
Although not typical flu symptoms, patients often suffer from nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Flu strikes a sudden, unlike the common with cold symptoms experience a few days before the peak torque occurs deterioration of health. Rather flu knocks almost immediately after infection.
There are three subtypes of influenza virus: A, B and C. The first two are responsible for flu epidemics of flu every year hospitalization and deaths. Subtype C causes flu symptoms with an average weight slightly more pronounced symptoms of colds.
Flu 2013 Prevention:
Flu vaccine is far from perfection as a precaution. For the moment, however, it is the only effective mechanism we have. The probability for each vaccinated would be affected by winter flu is reduced by 62% compared with non-immunized probability.
It is recommended that people over the age of 65 years to limit their contacts to a minimum during the epidemic. All others to be more cautious this time and only use dry handkerchiefs disposable supplement specialists.
Limit the maximum presence in places where there concentration people, especially if sneezing and coughing people there. Enhance personal hygiene, wash hands often to.
Influenza viruses are some of the most adaptive and changing. When infected with influenza virus immune system is our body harnesses and makes antibodies against it. Influenza, however, also has its ability to survive and improve in order to overcome the defenses of the same organism, in other words - mutate. Constructed in the body arsenal of antibodies did not do the job for another meeting with the flu because they do not "recognize". Consequently developed an infection that causes disease while the body create new antibodies to be of benefit.
Flu viruses are spread by airborne, that spread with saliva through coughing, sneezing and talking. Infection usually occurs to them by using shared objects on which they are caught - like the elevator buttons, door handles in public transportation, door handles, cutlery, etc.
Since a risk of flu complications, and that flu symptoms overlap those of other diseases have advice and careful follow-up.
Malpractice is sick to seek a doctor only when you feel really bad and have developed complications from the flu, such as pneumonia. Council of nurses is
1. To take measures against the disease from the first appearance of flu symptoms and
2. To immediately take the necessary rest to allow the body to deal more quickly with infection. Ignoring these two boards is always a lot of bone loss resource. It is extremely important for disease
3. To take as many liquids - water, herbal teas, sauces, juices.
4. A doctor should be consulted necessarily feel when flu symptoms such as:
separation of colored sputum - yellow, greenish or brownish;
test of chest pain when taking a deep breath;
temperature above 39.4 ° C;
when feeling dizzy and
necessarily from the first appearance of flu symptoms in the presence of renal, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and others, including medications that suppress the immune system.
Flu treatment is symptomatic. When issuing a prescription the doctor complies with the general health of the body and the history of disease in an individual patient. What matters is how the body deals with infection and how pronounced are the symptoms of influenza. Take into consideration the patient's tolerance to certain medications. Assumed known and comply with the wishes of the patient - to heal faster or take less intrusive remedies.
Medications that are enrolled are: lower fever, the most common form of paracetamol, stimulating expectorant and nasal drops.
Antiviral drugs are available only if the case so requires the discretion of the physician, as in the case of other diseases, the body's inability to cope with weak immunity and infection, pandemic viruses.