Sunday, December 7, 2014

0 How to recognize flu infection

In the season of frequent illness are.

As we look around us - everyone complains of the "virus" or "cold".
Some cough, others have chills, third vomit ....
In a bad day and we get sick.

How do we know that we have the flu?

Here are the main flu symptoms that are supporting at diagnosis:
- The Full health chills and fever - 39 -40 degrees.
- Pain In joints and muscles
- Full Looseness and adinamiya - are confined to bed
- You Have cough, vomiting, diarrhea
- Skin and visible mucous membranes are pale
Its presence in patients with the same symptoms in our immediate environment - family, friends, colleagues.

In the presence of 3 or more of these symptoms, the first is always required in the diagnosis of influenza.

Flu symptoms

Common flu symptoms include sudden fever and chills, cough, muscle aches, headache, fatigue and weakness. Influenza patients may complain of a stuffy nose and sore throat. Only chicken soup will not go if you want to treat the flu. Immediately go to the doctor if you notice symptoms of influenza. Treatment with antiviral must begin no later than 2 days after onset of symptoms.

Cold or flu - visit to the doctor

Colds and flu have similar symptoms. It is important to establish the difference between cold and flu and visit your doctor no later than 2 days of onset of symptoms, if you suspect you have the flu.

Cold or flu in children - a visit to the pediatrician

Children are the group that often develops as a result of influenza secondary complications such as bronchitis, otitis, etc.

Influenza infection occurs with many unusual symptoms - sudden onset of high body temperature, severe fatigue, denial of food, dry irritating cough, muscle aches. These symptoms can occur in other acute respiratory diseases. The most reliable diagnosis is evidence of influenza virus by washes of the rhinopharynx, and in a later stage - detection of influenza antibodies in the serum of children.

In all cases appropriate visiting pediatrician to assess the child's condition.

Flu or cold - recognizing symptoms

And cold and flu are viral infections that have similar symptoms, such as cough and sore throat. Cold is usually mild and affects the area of the pharynx, while the flu usually more severe, with symptoms that include sudden onset of fever, accompanied by pain in joints and muscles.

Measures at the first symptoms of flu

At first suspicious signs of influenza should start with plenty of fluid intake (herbal teas, broths), many vitamins - mandatory and vitamin C; lots of fresh fruits and vegetables; monitoring body temperature (especially in children - at least 3-4 times daily).

Relieve the symptoms of flu

How about a nice cup of tea?

Take plenty of fluids - especially hot drinks, which can relieve feelings like a broken.
Vacationing is also essential to deal with the flu, also gives you a good reason to stay up late in bed.
Flu remains infected 3 or 4 days after the onset of symptoms, so I stay at home and be treated to reduce the risk of infecting someone else.

Signs and symptoms of infection with flu A H1N1

Signs of influenza A H1N1 "swine flu" are similar to the flu, including lifting of fever, cough, headache, muscle pain and joint pain, sore throat, runny nose, and sometimes vomiting and diarrhea.

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

0 Stomach Flu Symptoms In Children 2014

stomach virus in children and kids
Stomach virus usually known as stomach flu includes swelling of the digestive system of the digestive system and abdomen called gastroenteritis. A abdomen virus is often passed on quickly. Ann Frankowski MD lecturer of pediatric medicine at Vermont Kid’s Medical center in Burlington prefers to use the term abdomen bug to explain a group of malware that can disappointed abdomen. The two main causes are the rotavirus, which is more regular in winter and the adenovirus and echovirus that prefer the summer and springtime periods.

Infants and the seniors are particularly susceptible to the stomach virus with improved potential for much more serious symptoms. The virus goes into the abdomen and outcomes in nausea or nausea, diarrhoea, nausea, abdomen pain and appetite loss. It usually continues 24 to 72 hours. Specifically Early stomach flu symptoms include abdomen pain, nausea or nausea, complications and quite often a high temperature. Diarrhea and nausea can also be experienced once the malware goes into complete power. While kids suffer from a abdomen malware they can pass it on to others. Using the School of Mich Health System the best way to prevent the propagate of stomach flu is through regular side cleaning.

Kids with the stomach flu need to keep away from meals and beverages with plenty of acid like any fruit juice or lemon juice. Milk products are also something to stay away from. Deep-fried treats and anything with caffeinated drinks in it should be an obvious thing to avoid with the stomach flu. Light meals like soup or poultry soup are simple on the abdomen simple to eat and highly suggested. When kids have the abdomen malware their body will be dried and be missing required nutritional supplements because young people have more coming out than going in. They will need to consume lots of natural vitamins rich fluids like supplement water and sports beverages like Gatorade or Powerade for the water. Mother and father can motivate to consume as much as possible because this will simply help them restore quicker and feel better through the whole process.

Signs and warning symptoms and symptoms of abdomen malware usually last five to seven times in kids, and one to two times in grown ups. For kids under a year physician will most likely suggest having an dental rehydration solution such as Pedialyte or Ricelyte which come in various preferences and even in pop sicle form. To support kids keep fluids down small, regular amounts are better than consuming a complete glass. Dr. Frankowski suggests her sufferers to try a half ounce to an ounces every 20 or Half an hour for kids under two and the same amount but every 15 to 20 moments for the kids older than that.

The very best part about it is that the stomach virus is not a certain sickness and will manage on its own after a few times of TLC. Children most regularly get infected in school and play areas. Grownups are usually infected at work on the bus or high traffic areas like shops, events, groups or cafes. Human physical liquid can be moved extremely easily. Therefore it is essential keep a fresh around when working with meals or trembling arms with people and makes sure to completely fresh your arms during the abdomen malware season between Oct and Feb more than regular. Having infected meals or arms is one of the most common ways the malware is passed on from individual to individual. Good cleanliness is the best protection as below.

1. Washing Hands Frequently

It is better to use a non reusable document hand towel than a material hand towel that can harbour viruses. Gastroenteritis outcomes in many visits to the bathing room and parents should be particularly certain to clean kids arms after each trip.

2. Using Hand Better When Detergent and Water are Not Available

Parents can use a side sanitizer made with at least 60 percent alcohol. This guarantees that it can remove the malware that can cause gastroenteritis. Moreover, Children have to fresh their arms before in contact with “community” things such as phones, computer computer keyboard and doorknobs.

3. Being a disinfectant Surfaces

It is essential to fresh areas utilizing non reusable cloths or sponges before disinfecting bathrooms, cleanse manage, drain sink and the light change with special attention by using a swimming pool water bleach-based household cleaner.

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

0 Summer flu - 10 most popular summer infections

At the height of the summer talking with a specialist for the most common seasonal diseases and infections.

- Do Enteroviruses are the most common viral infections in the summer?

- Not only are they. For the summer season are typical bacterial intestinal infections. This is quite understandable. But really enteroviruses are one of the causes of diseases in the summer.

- Which people suffer most?

- Children. The infection is transmitted by contaminated hands and by contaminated food. In summer temperatures remain on the food creates an opportunity for growth of microorganisms.

- I frequent during the summer cases of intestinal infections and food poisoning in children?

- During the summer, frequent infections of the gastrointestinal tract. They can be both viral and bacterial. It is quite normal to frequent. Summer temperatures, many people gather in one place allows these infections to spread. Personal care each of us must be very strict - wash your hands regularly, avoid contact with sick people, carefully storing food. Normally in summer and frequent viral intestinal infections, and viral bacterial infections.

- How spend intestinal infection elderly?

- Relatively easy. Nevertheless, there are risks of developing serous meningitis and more serious medical conditions.

- What is your advice?

- When there is fever, diarrheal stools, vomiting, and these symptoms last for more than one day, immediately seek GP.

- What other diseases occur during the summer?

- Mostly hepatitis A. The reason for it are also contaminated water and food products. Summer favors the collection of many people in one place. This allows the spread of infection - and those transmitted by the airborne route, and of those related to food preparation. Contingents who suffer most are children in camps.

- Could you tell us something about conjunctivitis in the summer?

- One of the most common causes of disease in children, and in adults, are adenoviral infections. It is they who cause the development of conjunctivitis of PCF on mezadenit.

- What are Adenoviruses?

- They may also exist in a quiescent state. Then, at a certain challenge - eg. colds or reduce the body's defenses are manifested. In such cases, people should seek the help of your GP. And do not think that probemat is innocent! Of course, can intervene and bacterial infections. But summer temperatures and the sun most often cause adenoviral konkyunktiviti

- Do the warm season in digestive disorders such as diarrhea summer?

- Of course. Eating disorders are a large group of diseases. During the summer, most often confronted with salmonellosis. I repeat: the food must be stored properly in the summer heat! Here I can give
one tip

Market sold a lot of quick consumption. If you buy a roast chicken, cream or other product for quick use, consume these foods in the same day, within 12 hours after purchase! Most people do not respect this rule. Usually residues that food put in the refrigerator and used the next day. In summer temperatures in the presence of certain microorganisms dose they multiply and reach the so-called. infective dose. It is usually large and can cause disease.

Most often food poisoning are bacterial origin. Case of salmonellosis. They are becoming more common in the summer.

- When an antibiotic is needed to treat the infection?

- This assesses the general practitioner. One of the wrong things in Bulgaria is the self! I like to say that if one exits and vomit 2-3 times 1-2 times, this is no trouble. Whether this person will drink tea at home, if you give some symptomatic preparation does not matter. Normally the body cope alone with minor intestinal infections. But if you vomit more than 5 times to 10 times and has severe diarrhea, he now needs medical help. That is. Need to be examined by infectious diseases. Water losses lead to electrolyte losses. A compensation of electrolytes should be adjusted by your doctor. No need to look innocent diarrhea or vomiting when more than 4-5 times a day. I wish my message to reach your readers: more than 4-5 vomiting or diarrheal stools require medical supervision! We should not think that diarrhea is a mild disease. We, the doctors, we must be especially attentive to patients. When you lose water and electrolytes, cardiac muscle is threatened. This is especially important for people with chronic diseases (particularly cardiovascular). In such cases untimely measures may lead to death!

- What does healthy nutrition during the summer?

- Fruit, vegetables. In summer the market has enough. Besides good food, we are particularly important good sleep and good rest. If they are missing, you will not succeed in his defense at all harmful agents that circulate this season. The body is important to have as less stress! The food should be varied and rational - it must be present vitamins that are abundant during the summer. We can not just we eat a multivitamin tablet and we think this way we loaded a complex system in your body, which is called immune.

- What to keep kids in the summer?

- Mostly - from sunburns from eating pastries and cakes that have been stored. Should not give products in which there eggs, cream, meat, older than two days! We must protect children from watersheds. In polluted rivers in stagnant water remain enteroviruses. In no case should bathe and play there! In such cases, they absorb water that is contaminated. Thus, at risk of being infected.

- Does the flu in the summer?

- Summer flu is caused precisely by enteroviruses. Currently the country has a circulation of these viruses, which is typical for the season.

- What to take ill in summer flu?

- Symptomatic means. It is very important ongoing relationship with your GP. This connection can also be indirect - by telephone. It is very difficult for a doctor to tell you what to take in mild cases of the summer flu. The approach to each person to be an individual. Can not give general recommendations.

How much this article has been helpful, you can share in the comments box. If you want to express an opinion on gastric flu, stomach flu and summer infections, please send your comments to the subject.

Sunday, June 22, 2014

2 What is the physical state of food poisoning

Symptoms of food poisoning

Food poisoning or food intoxication is an acute condition that occurs after ingestion of food. In these poisoning causes disease penetrates the body through food and manifestations of poisoning began soon after meals. Poisoning may be of biological and non-biological origin.
The infection is caused by bacteria and their toxins. They enter the body through the consumption of food in which pre- multiplied bacteria. Violation of basic hygiene and improper food storage are conducive factors (enablers) for contamination of food. Toxins of certain microbes such as staphylococci are resistant to boiling and digestion, which means that the risk of poisoning is high, even in the heat treatment. The most common culprits in food poisoning are unwashed fruits and vegetables, and spoiled food.

The most common types of food poisoning are divided into three major groups. The first group are microbial intoxications / food toxicoinfections /, the second group are poisoning related to consumption of poisonous plants, the latter group includes intoxication from poisonous chemicals. The most common food poisoning are microbial intoxications. These poisoning are associated with the consumption of foods that are contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins.

Types of microbial intoxications

The main source of microbial intoxication is well known salmonella. Transmitted by meat, milk, eggs from diseased birds and secondarily contaminated products, bacterium spreads quickly and is very stable. Staph infection is obtained from the formed staphylococcal enterotoxin. Main sources of this infection are humans / through the skin and nasopharynx / and mastitis sick animals - they contaminate milk and thus many dairy and confectionery products.
Kolienterit - contamination of food products with coliform is mostly human - through contaminated hands and food. Poisoning can happen after eating foods that are not stored in the refrigerator. These are for example, meat, egg and fish products. The type and flavor of the food is not changed, by the coliforms.
Botulism is the worst food poisoning. These cases are often fatal. Cause of botulism is organism that forms spores and develop in a low oxygen environment - canned vegetables, sausages, and fish. Commonly found in soil where it falls on the food through unwashed vegetables. It is believed that botulinum toxin is the most potent natural toxins. Usually the food is kind of rotten, but it is possible that there are no visual changes and the food still be infected.

Symptoms of food poisoning

Symptoms of food poisoning usually appear two to six hours after ingestion of contaminated food. Typical are abdominal pain, diarrhea that may contain blood. Appear temperature and fever, headache, nausea and vomiting, general weakness and fatigue. Crucial for diarrhea and vomiting is to not get your body dehydrated. Even with severe nausea and vomiting should be taken plenty of fluids to avoid more serious complications of dehydration.

Diagnosing the food poisoning

The patient should thoroughly describe how it feels and what he ate in the last hours. The doctor reviews the stomach, and dehydration due to diarrhea and vomiting is a major sign of intoxication. There are also tests of feces, blood or questionable food that you eat.

Treatment of food poisoning

After completion of the diagnostic, treatment instituted. In most cases there is no need for the person to remain in the hospital, but when there is severe dehydration that requires hospitalization. The most frequently prescribed medication are antibiotics and cures for fever and vomiting. Also required intake of more water in order to clear the stomach of toxins. Purification effect has activated carbon and yogurt. Patient needs to rest and do not eat the first day after poisoning. Break and taking prescription drugs are sufficient in most cases of food poisoning.

Nutrition in food poisoning

Focus on liquids and drink plenty of fluids. Eat light vegetable soups and broths, they are very important for the dehydrated body. Avoid meat and eggs, spicy and heavy foods, fried foods and those with high sugar content. They further irritate the lining of the stomach and can cause new disorder. Avoid poorly cooked products because they are a potential source of bacteria. Emphasize the light paste, cooked rice or wheat.

Prevention of food poisoning

The first step to prevention of poisoning is careful shopping. Buy well -packaged food , if you see that canned or packaged food package is bulging , know that this is a potential hazard. Choose only pasteurized milk and eggs refrigerated . At home must keep eggs chilled , not to let them stay at room temperature. Wash fruits and vegetables well , maintain high level of hygiene in the kitchen.When shopping look carefully at the products expire date. Clean the refrigerator from the forgotten products that are no longer edible. Process the food with care, expose it to heat treatment. In the summer months, be especially careful, because according to the medical statistics, then appears the most food poisoning. In the summer heat, the meat, fish, eggs must be kept in the refrigerator, do not leave them out because they can deteriorate very quickly.

Monday, June 2, 2014

1 Dangerous summer flu 2014

summer flu symptoms 2014

Beware because the end can be fatal!

New summer flu threatens human health and brings death. The reason is that viruses are particularly dangerous and are activated by temperature changes. Suffering from flu this summer, if not pay attention to yourself and treat yourself can get severe complications. These are ear infections, pneumonia, tonsillitis very serious and lead to death.

Virologists warned that unlike the winter flu in the summer form of flu no protective equipment. Because pathogens are fragile and can be easily changed. According to health professionals, methods of disease prevention are extremely small. These are adopting immunostimulants, strong and healthy food and avoid contact with people who sneeze, cough and a fever.

New dangerous summer flu

This is serious, if only for seven days the incidence of flu jumped by twenty percent, warn doctors.

In the initial flu symptoms are blown and pimples all over the body of the child. They confuse doctors that children may be suffering from scarlet fever and treated so. If you do not take the necessary measures, the consequences can be severe, even fatal.

Experts say that children born after 2005 are less at risk from swine flu. The reason is that in the vaccines which have their fight against ingredients and forms of otitis.

However, doctors warn that the smallest flu symptoms people should consult a doctor and seek professional help rather than resort to self-medication. In many cases, it can lead to fatal consequences, even to a tragic end.

Saturday, March 29, 2014

1 Few simple measures to prevent Norovirus 2014

 Over the past recent months many people are asking what to do to protect themselves from norovirus. Recently in the news constantly reports of an outbreak of norovirus in several states and several cruise ships. This time, however, he changed into a different more resistant new Norovirus strain called Sydney (first discovered in Australia in 2012.). In addition to bad seasonal flu, which rages across the country, this is yet another health threat from which we must guard. I will try to provide you some information useful to reduce the risk of contracting norovirus. First, let me give you some information about this virus.

What is norovirus? 

You may have heard that Norovirus is a disease during the cruise because it often breaks out on cruise ships. Norovirus is often confused with "food poisoning" because it can get infected by eating food contaminated with the virus.
Norovirus however, spread on land, annually infects about 20 million people.

Norovirus lasts between 2 and 4 days with vomiting and diarrhea, leading to dehydration. Noroviruses can even resemble flu because both viral diseases have several similar symptoms. However, they are caused by the completely different viruses, and appear differently. Unlike the flu for norovirus has no vaccine and no specific drugs to treat symptoms such as Tamiflu in flu.

How to tell if you have flu or norovirus?

Flu, although similar symptoms with norovirus as nausea / vomiting, fever, muscle aches and fatigue is a viral disease that affects the respiratory system and is accompanied by character sentencing cough. Norovirus is a virus affecting the digestive system and is typically manifested by the following symptoms:
  • Rapid onset of stomach cramps, nausea / vomiting / diarrhea 
  • Noroviruses can lead to severe dehydration complications 
Although norovirus is usually not serious in most people, it may become one in very young children and the elderly due to dehydration. This is a complication of the virus from the loss of fluids in vomiting and diarrhea.

Important if you touch a norovirus is to make every effort to make up for lost fluids by drinking small sips of water or eat a few tablespoons of chicken soup, which will contribute to fluid retention in your body.

Dehydration can lead to other complications such as irregular heartbeat from electrolyte imbalance. Can lead to fainting. You may remember the case when Secretary of State Hillary Clinton fainted and hit his head. This was due to norovirus spent her last week. Dehydration can take you to the emergency room for intravenous fluids. Symptoms of dehydration include:
  • Dry mouth and throat 
  • Dizziness, loss of balance upright 
  • Less urination with darker than normal urine 

How to reduce the risk of infection with norovirus 

Noroviruses spread in public places where there are crowds. It is the leading cause of disease caused by contaminated food. Particularly vulnerable are public salad bars, buffets offering leafy vegetables, fresh fruit and oysters, mussels and shrimp in which the food is touching many people. Wash your hands for at least 30 seconds with hot water and soap. Hand disinfectants kill the flu virus, but have little effect on norovirus.

With norovirus you catch and fruit and vegetables bought from the supermarket, if grasped by many people. Be sure to thoroughly wash fruits and vegetables before you eat them. Norovirus is often spread by touching contaminated surfaces and then touching a hand to mouth, nose, eyes, where the virus can enter the body. Try not to touch your face, at least not before you wash your hands before.

People infected with norovirus by the moment the virus gets into them and remain infectious after a few days, the symptoms recede. If you are caring for sick norovirus, can reduce the spread of the virus by wearing gloves when collecting his clothes for washing. Wash your laundry at the highest temperature. Use detergent with bleach to clean surfaces in case of vomiting and / or diarrhea.

You can strengthen your own immune system in the following ways:

1. Optimal levels of vitamin D, make sure that your levels of vitamin D were more than 30 ng / dL (this will have to do a blood test). Take 500 mg of vitamin D daily during flu season.
2. Optimal levels of vitamin C. 500-1000 mg vitamin C, in divided doses throughout the day to assist the prevention of viral infections.
3. Optimum nutritious food. Make sure you have enough antioxidants, omega-3 fats, antiviral herbs such as garlic, onion, ginger in food. Also take a good multivitamin additional vitamin D3 and 1-2000 mg omega-3 fatty acids per day.

No need to get sick from norovirus. Following the most basic precautions such as simple hand washing and avoiding touching the face, along with the optimization of food so as to strengthen your immune system will do wonders for maintaining your health and preventing viruses throughout the winter.

Be healthy!

Wednesday, March 12, 2014

2 Why men are more vulnerable to the flu virus?

Men with more testosterone are more likely to get sick from the flu, as they have a weak immune system, finds a new study by scientists from Stanford University in the U.S.A.

Scientists say high levels of testosterone are directly related to the weakness of the immune system. To this conclusion they reached after watching a weakened response to vaccines against influenza virus in men with more testosterone. The data obtained are one of the versions explaining the greater sensitivity of males to various infections.

Men with high testosterone produced less anti-viral antibodies in the application of the flu vaccine, but did those with lower levels of the hormone in plasma had a profound immune response to force , as in women.

Science has long known that men are more susceptible to bacterial, viral and parasitic infections and less influenced not only by the influenza vaccines, but also against those for yellow fever , measles, hepatitis and other diseases.

Unlike men women exhibit beneficial effects of vaccination because of increased concentrations of immune cells.

According to the study authors first study focuses on gender differences in the immune system, however , the findings show that gender is a major determinant clear variability of the immune response.
The obvious question that arises: why nature has created the male sex hormone like Achilles heel ?

As testosterone hormone determines the strength and masculinity , the severity of muscle and body hair on men . Why their increased resistance poses a risk to weaken the resistance of men to various infectious diseases ?

Scientists propose an evolutionary explanation for this - the representatives of males are more prone to violence and injuries and that somewhere weakens the immune system. At the same time, it plays a life-saving role as a higher incidence of infection that is triggered by aggressive behavior and walking hunting restricts men for acts of violence and unnecessary risk.

In addition , they are more susceptible to influenza, men with higher levels of testosterone, apparently will fight harder and with flu symptoms. To fight flu symptoms need our body to produce anti bodies that fight the flu virus. When we are unable to produce these anti bodies, we are unable to deal with the flu symptoms.

Tuesday, March 11, 2014

0 The cases of infected with bird flu in China grow , but there is no danger of an epidemic.

bird flu H7N9 2014

On Tuesday, January 28 , the total number of people infected in China for 2014 H7N9 virus reached 100 . However, experts say there is no danger of an epidemic during the weekends for the most important holiday in the country - the Spring festival , or Chinese New Year .

In recent days, almost daily reports of new cases of people infected with the virus H7N9. On Tuesday, January 28 , in the eastern Zhejiang province were reported 4 new cases that number this year has reached 53 people .

According to the initial infection with the virus H7N9, which was announced in February 2013, so far in mainland China they are already over 245 people , they died by Tuesday, January 28 are 56. In May last year the cases declined , but as happens generally with flu virus during the winter months at the end of 2013 cases of people infected with the new strain again started to increase. In January according to the National Center for Control and Prevention of Disease , the number of people infected has exceeded 100, and the deceased 19.

Despite rapid growth in the number of people infected with bird flu , authorities say that the likelihood of a major epidemic remains small, given that the transmission of the virus from person to person has been sporadic.

Feng Dzadzyan is deputy director of the National Center for Control and Prevention of Disease .

" In epidemiology work with an index that defines the diseases that can be spread among the people. If the disease can spread , the index will be greater than one. This means that the disease can be transferred from one person to more . However, when the index is below unity , the disease will not spread on a large scale . Our analysis of the H7N9 virus and its index by 0.09 points show that there is a serious danger of the outbreak . "

WHO also said that so far there is no evidence of " stable " transfer of the virus between humans. Chinese authorities take draconian measures to limit the reach of people living birds. Cities in Hangzhou , Ningbo and Dzinhua trade in live birds was banned and Hong Kong , where one paid Guangdong Province chickens was discovered virus H7N9, were slaughtered 20,000 birds. authorities in SAR banned imports of live poultry from mainland China and sell them for three weeks.

Shu Yuelun is director of the National Center for flu. According to him, there is no danger of bird flu epidemic during the Spring holiday, which is a peak period travel in the country.

" The disease is spread primarily from birds to humans. During peak travel for spring holiday, regardless of the massive gathering of people in one place , no particular risks of spreading disease . So exodus will not lead to the outbreak of the epidemic. "

He added that this should not soothe ordinary citizens. Authorities will step up monitoring for potential virus carriers in key transportation hubs , airports, railway stations and bus stations . Passengers who were with temperatures above 38 degrees and have had contact with live birds will be required to undergo a medical examination before you set off.

China has made progress in developing a vaccine against H7N9. Hunanskata company " Hualan Bioengineering " in early January announced that the vaccine being developed by its subsidiary " Hulan Biobakterin " has passed initial approval of health authorities , but it will take time until the produce it

The meeting with the media, dedicated to current concerns about bird flu , Chief Executive of Hong Kong Lan Chunin , questioned whether residents should continue with the habit to buy live poultry markets . According to him, this practice should be reconsidered , since even a single case of bird flu in Hong Kong, forcing residents to pay a social price for their health.

Lan Chunin added that all the Hong Kong society, including poultry dealers , restaurants and other sectors should pay attention to the advice of the authorities and personal hygiene, as well as to comply with health orders.

Every time after registration of a case of infection with H7N9 authorities SAR killing thousands and even millions of birds to ensure that the infection does not spread .

Last Sunday , Deputy Prime Minister of China Liu Yandun also spoke specifically on the topic of avian flu , indicating the need for coordinated efforts to prevent and control infection .

Under the plan for the diagnosis and treatment of people infected with the virus H7N9, which was announced last week , the majority of people who have contracted the disease from another person , it was an accident and can not talk about regularity. However , the danger remains, and the Chinese authorities are doing everything possible to limit the possible outbreak of a real bird flu epidemic.

Monday, February 17, 2014

2 Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu 2014

Stomach flu 2014
What is Stomach flu?

How contagious is the Stomach Flu?

Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu

Viral Induced Gastroenteritis

Bacterial Induced Gastroenteritis

Parasite Induced Gastroenteritis

Not all medical conditions that contain flu in their name are influenza. For example Stomach flu, also known as gastric flu, refers to as gastroenteritis and definitely not influenza or flu. Some times when the causative agent is a virus, inflammatory cells can be found because of an inflammation of the stomach, small intestine and a possible inflammation of the large intestine. This could cause a high body temperature, which is a normal reaction of the defense of the organism.

What is Stomach flu?

An important thing is to take notice at the suffix “itis”, most of the terms that contain it, mean inflammation. All medical conditions with the suffix “itis” at their end indicate inflammatory condition like gastroenteritis or more commonly known in layman's term as stomach flu. Gastroenteritis causes irritation and, or inflammation of the stomach, intestine or even the entire gastrointestinal tract.

How contagious is the Stomach Flu?

Contagious means to have the ability of transmitting a condition or a disease by a direct or indirect contact with infected objects, food or people. Stomach flu is transmitted through the oral-fecal route. The most common causes are contaminated water, poor hygiene and bad conditions of the food preparation.

Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu

Viral Induced Gastroenteritis

Medical researches show that stomach flu contagious caused by norovirus is around 50%. 20% are caused by the rotavirus and it mostly affects children. The rest 30% are caused from poorly prepared food.

You might also like: Stomach flu 2014: Stomach flu makes us step out of line.

Bacterial Induced Gastroenteritis

Common bacteria like campylobacter jejuni, clostridium, eschirichia coli, salmonella, shigella, staphylococcus, vibrio cholera and yersinia cause a physical experience and more or less symptoms like those of diarrhea. At times accompanied by colitis or inflamed large intestine.

Parasite Induced Gastroenteritis

The parasites cryptosporidium and giaradia can provoke a strong stomach flu which could last for weeks. Giaradia's brooding period is around from 1 to 2 weeks and for the cryptosporidium is from 2 to 10 days. Both parasites originate from excrement. Common causative factor is water that has been contaminated by parasite infected stool. It is very important for children to be reminder to keep their mouths closed when playing with or in water, because even one gulp of contaminated water is a big threat for the health. Contamination by food is not excluded. It is important to note that the cryptosporidium cannot be eradicated by the chlorine, used for the water treatment.

Trichinella parasite contaminates raw and poorly prepared foods, mainly meat. It may cause symptoms which can last for 1-2 days and start from puking, loose bowel movement and sometimes pain in the abdomen up to a greater extent puffiness of the eyes and muscular pain persisting for weeks.

Sunday, January 26, 2014

1 Flu symptoms 2014: 20 children died of swine flu H1N1.

children died of H1N1 symptoms 2014

This year's fearsome flu virus hit the U.S. by storm and continues to spread. According to the latest report by federal health officials, it is left behind for 20 dead children until 20 January. Their number has doubled since the last report of the Center for Control and Prevention of Disease about deaths from pediatric flu.
 For many people, the flu is nothing more than a fever, cough, and muscle aches. But health officials society warn that many cases of infection with flu virus with fatal outcome, the death of the patient.

Influenza can be deadly not only for children and the elderly.

In its weekly report , the Center for Control and Prevention of Disease reports that highest rate of people hospitalized reported in people aged 65 years or older . The next increase in hospitalization groups, ages 0 to 4 years and 50 to 64 years . However, 61% of hospitalized cases were people aged 18 to 64 years.
 Between 3,000 and 49,000 people die from flu diseases each year in the U.S. , according CDC and this year will be different.

A recent case of a deceased child of the influenza virus is Savannah Hyden. She died during the second week of January in hospital Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital near Vanderbilt University near Nashville. Savannah 's parents say that she did not accept the flu vaccine this year.
The girl developed a bacterial infection after contracting infection with influenza. Infection is caused cardiac arrest and later the girl's death.
Savannah Hyden 's mother is shocked that only three days after her daughter had flu symptoms had already been placed on life support systems.

Another child died earlier this month from the flu, Lydia Christine Kizziar of Carrollton, Texas. They were 13 years old , and her younger sister is currently in hospital and is struggling with the same disease. This year Texas is severely affected by swine flu and is one of the strongest flu outbreaks. H1N1 virus atтack the southern U.S. and threatening residents in the country.

Kaitlyn Mills of Bossier City, Louisianan , 8, is another victim of this year's flu virus . And she died in the first half of January after infection with swine flu H1N1. Death occurred just one day after the parents have noticed that show flu symptoms.

Ronan Burgess - 5 year boy of Oregon, also died of the swine flu virus H1N1.
25% of patients who go to hospital and were tested for influenza have been positive
result, according CDC.
During the last flu season, at the same time of the year there was 25 children died from influenza. Health officials remind that if patients with influenza treated in time, there is much more likely to recover completely. There are antiviral drugs that fight effectively with flu viruses, but should be implemented on time.

Flu Vaccine.

Health officials recommend everyone over the age of six months to get the flu shot. People at high risk of serious flu complications include young children, pregnant women, people with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes or heart and lung disease and people 65 years and older.

Flu Prevention

Health authorities I warn people to protect themselves from contact with sick people with the flu. Avoid places where usually many people congregate, such as metro, shopping centers, train stations, even cinema and theaters. Wash your hands frequently and avoid touching your mouth, eyes and nose when you're out. Influenza virus lasts up to 72 hours on surfaces ipredmeti. In a study done at the home of a family with a sick child, it was found that influenza viruses have 60% ​​of the furniture and belongings in the home. If you do not have running hot water to wash your hands, then use wet wipes or alcohol gel to disinfect hands. When you are outside, especially if there is crowding, wear a mask on his face. If you do not have a mask, put the scarf in front of your nose and ustatsi.
 If you feel sick and you suspect you have the flu, limit contact to a minimum so as not to spread the disease .

Saturday, January 18, 2014

1 Stomach flu 2014: Stomach flu makes us step out of line.

Stomach flu symptoms 2014

Every year the hospitals are visited urgently by thousand patients with gastroenteritis (known as stomach flu) diagnoses. Reasons for the disorder vary, but the result is one – total isolation from normal life for at least ten days.

Gastroenteritis (in Greek “gaster” – stomach and “enteron” - large intestine) better known as “stomach flu”, although it is not related to the typical virus flu. It is an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine. In more than half of the cases stomach flu is caused by Norovirus or food poisoning. Pathogenic bacteria like salmonella, Shigella, Escherichia coli, staphylococci get within the body due to consumption of improperly prepared foods. The intoxication result in disrupting the synthesis of digestive enzymes, worsen digestion and metabolic processes.

The first symptoms of the stomach flu occur at the same maximum on the second day of the contamination. The progression of the disease depends upon the viruses or bacteria that have caused it.

Symptoms of bacterial gastroenteritis are

  • high body temperature;
  • headache;
  • muscle pain;
  • spasmodic abdominal pain and diarrhea;
  • frequent vomiting.

The symptoms of viral gastroenteritis are

  • strong rheum;
  • cough;
  • sore throat;
  • high body temperature;
  • headache;
  • vomiting;
  • dry mouth.

Self-healing is absolutely forbidden!

The most dangerous consequence of the Stomach flu is dehydration. Because of frequent vomiting and diarrhea, body water is lost fast and important minerals with it. This could lead to low blood pressure, seizures and if not medically assisted promptly, could lead to kidney failure. Therefore in the presence of these stomach flu symptoms it is important not to lose precious time and go to see a medic. Self-healing is absolutely forbidden! Frequent water consummation will only quench the thirst, but will not restore the salt water balance in the organism. That is why patients with stomach flu get treated in the infection department. After the results of the made researches, which determine the causative agent for the disease, the required treatment is appointed.

Dehydration symptoms

  • dryness in the mouth;
  • abnormal urination;
  • weakness;
  • drowsiness;
  • soreness;

You might also like: Contagious Causative Agents of the stomach flu 2014

Stomach flu Treatment

Treatment of stomach flu begins with a gastric lavage with a special solution. Lots of water must be consummated after this procedure. In case of strong general intoxication, rehydration therapy is conducted to restore the salt water balance in the organism. In case of viral gastroenteritis, antiviral drugs are prescribed. After that patients take medications for restoration of the intestinal flora. The solution for a fast recovery is rest in the bed and a strong diet. The menu must contain non fat broths, oatmeal with water, biscuits and unsweetened tee. If these recommendations of the doctors are fallowed strictly and after the ten days procedures of the gastrointestinal tract, the patient can fully recover and don’t worry for any adverse consequences in the future. Exception make patients with low levels if antibodies, where the infection can repeat itself or transform into a chronic form with repetitive cycles of exacerbation and remission.
Children, after going through the viral gastroenteritis, develop a comparative immunity for the disease, which protects them from another contamination.


Stomach flu is one of the diseases, which can be easily prevented. For a specific prophylactic of the rotavirus infections, there are two vaccines, which have passed clinical tests. Both contain weakened live viruses and are taken by mouth. To avoid infection, follow these basic hygiene rules:
  • Wash your hands before feeding.
  • Look carefully for the expiry date of the foods and check the temperature and the conditions they have been kept in.
  • Drink only filtrated or bottled water, stop all ice drinks.
  • Prepare the products on a clean cutting board.
  • Thoroughly wash vegetables, fruits and greens.
  • Do not consume raw eggs.
A reason for the development of stomach flu could become the rotaviruses. They are very contagious. In 90% of cases, the contamination is transmitted by dirty hands. There is very low chance that the disease can be transmitted by air.

    Tuesday, January 14, 2014

    0 Flu symptoms 2014: Flu epidemic 2014. Deaths from H1N1 flu virus increasing.

    USA H1N1 epidemic

    Health authorities reported that the incidence of flu in Texas are widespread and increasing.

    With five percent is increased incidence of flu, according to the Center for Disease Control. Denton health department workers said they're treating hundreds of new flu cases, with most being the H1N1 strain of the virus. Increase in the number of patients with flu, monitor and The Dallas County Health and Human Services Department.

    Health workers say they do not know when the flu season will reach its peak, but it certainly is now on the rise.
    On this occasion of DCHHS I warn that now is the time to get your flu vaccine if you have not already done so. Reported as having less than 2000 shots and flu season has not yet reached its peak . So in late January and early February, it will be very difficult to find a flu shot.

    "With the cold snap we've been experiencing most people returning sick and go to jobs and schools, and to pass it ," said Jose Aguillar department Tarrant County Public Health.

    Four states have the highest activity of influenza viruses as The CDC's FluView tool, which tracks Influenza and influenza-like illnesses. These are Texas, Mississippi, Alabama and Iowa.

    The Associated Press reported that the H1N1 flu strain known as swine flu is linked to several deaths in Texas. Including the death by the end of December last year, 30 year-old from Euless.

    For seven deaths from H1N1 flu virus better known as swine flu, reported by California State Department of Public Health . All deaths under the age of 65.

    Still continued investigation of 28 deaths in California , in order to determine whether they are caused by the swine flu. The number of children who died from H1N1 swine flu to 01/10/2014 in Texas was 5. And there continue to monitor the increase of people infected with this flu strain .

    In 2009, H1N1 caused a worldwide pandemic. The main risk groups for this flu are children, pregnant women, people with chronic diseases and the elderly over 65 years of age. This year, however, infected with swine flu are mainly young people and adults under the age of 65.

    In 4 of 5 deaths in Canada's Thunder Bay also confirmed that the H1N1 virus is the cause. And , as we know in Canada was recorded and the first case of H5N1 bird flu in North America, in which a young woman died after returned from a trip to China.

    Experts expect a dramatic rise in cases of flu in February and March when the normal flu season is at its peak.

    US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warns that now is the time to get your flu vaccine if you have not done so. For some risk groups , even recommended to get vaccinated every 6 months.

    Thursday, January 9, 2014

    0 Flu symptoms 2014: H5N1 bird flu death in Canada

    Bird flu H5N1 in Canada

    In Canada, health officials confirmed the first death from H5N1 bird flu in North America! Deceased woman from Canadian province of Alberta, which has been recently traveled to China.

    According to the Minister of Health Canada Rona Ambrose this an isolated case
    and there is no danger of the disease spreading, and even less of a bird flu epidemic.

    During this flu season in Alberta 10 people have died from swine flu H1N1.

    Be sure to read: Flu symptoms 2014: Swine flu is prevalent in flu season 2013/2014

    The bird flu H5N1 infects the lower respiratory tract in the lungs and causes
    acute viral pneumonia, which in many cases causes the death of the patient.

    WHO reported that H5N1 avian influenza is transmitted difficult from person to person , but when people infected with it the mortality rate is about 60%.

    Over the last decade in 15 countries around the world were detected 650 cases of avian flu, and 60% of them are fatal.

    Only in 2013 reported cases of bird flu were 38 , and 24 of them proved fatal.
    Canadian residents have been warned to be especially careful when visiting China, since 60% of cases with fatal outcome.

    The virus can lead to a new global bird flu pandemic, the World Health Organization warned in May 2013 in the same year the plague started in China.

    Experts say that if the H5N1 virus to mutate and become easily transmissible between humans, the public health consequences could be very serious.

    Timothy O'Leary, a spokesman for the WHO, said the organization will not change their risk assessments of H5N1, in view of this development.

    Be sure to read: Flu symptoms 2014: New Bird Flu Strain, H10N8 kill woman in China!

    He said: "It usually takes 2-8 days for symptoms of H5N1 appear So if someone were infected then we would probably know about it by now..."

    "There is reason for concern, but it seems that this is an isolated incident. It was imported from outside North America. 'll Be surprised if there are any cases related to this one from China. 's Hard for people to get it ."

    Canadian authorities have followed up with all close contacts of the infected person and offered Tamiflu as a precaution. None of them have bird flu symptoms.

    Wednesday, January 8, 2014

    0 Flu symptoms 2014: Swine flu is prevalent in flu season 2013/2014

    swine flu symptoms 2014

    And this flu season, swine flu will be one of the major circulating flu viruses. Therefore we again draw attention to this flu and review basic information about him.

    Swine flu A H1N1 exhibits the same symptoms as seasonal flu. There are, however, small features, which we will outline below.

    From November through December 2013, CDC has received a number of reports of severe respiratory illness among young and middle-aged adults, many of whom were infected with influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 (pH1N1) virus. Multiple pH1N1-associated hospitalizations, including many requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and some fatalities have been reported. The pH1N1 virus that emerged in 2009 caused more illness in children and young adults, compared to older adults, although severe illness was seen in all age groups. While it is not possible to predict which influenza viruses will predominate during the entire 2013-14 influenza season, pH1N1 has been the predominant circulating virus so far. For the 2013-14 season, if pH1N1 virus continues to circulate widely, illness that disproportionately affects young and middle-aged adults may occur.
    According to information from the website of the CDC!

    Symptoms of swine flu :

    Sudden weakness - one can hardly continue to work, training, learning, and to perform any kind of activities
    Temperature is above 38 degrees Celsius
    Nausea and vomiting
    Pneumonia more of the 2nd or 3rd day
    Aching muscles of the eyes, eyeballs and all body

    When not taken measures and adequate treatment occurs death from respiratory failure.
    Patients respond well to use of medications Tamiflu and Relenza.

    Be sure to read :  Flu Symptoms 2013 - Swine flu AH1N1

    What you need to know about swine flu?

    - Swine flu spreads from person to person transmission of fluid droplets or direct contact
    - Carriers of the virus are contact and can carry the virus one day after he was picked up and up to 7 days after symptoms occur
    - The virus is transmitted by sneezing and coughing
    - It has been shown that the virus is influenced by the successful preparations Tamiflu and Relenza

    Reported cases of swine flu so far run from mild to moderate.

    Registered deaths from swine flu less than seasonal flu.
    Prevention is by wearing masks and frequent hand washing. So far, doctors say that the virus is heavier than a normal flu virus and there is no need for people to panic at the mention of swine flu.

    Friday, January 3, 2014

    0 Flu symptoms 2014: New Bird Flu Strain, H10N8 kill woman in China!

    New avian flu strain H10N8

    73 -year-old woman died in China of a new strain of bird flu - virus H10N8, Reuters reported. Case in Nanchang, capital of Jiangxi is single, and the risk that the virus will spread to people is small.

    The woman died on 6 December 2013 year as a result of respiratory failure and shock. She sought hospital treatment on November 30 with severe pneumonia. Several days later died of respiratory failure and shock . Prior to infection with the virus, the woman went to the local market for live poultry. People who have been in close contact with the woman , were not detected flu symptoms.

    Unnamed experts speculate that this is the single and the risk of spreading the virus and flu epidemic is very small.

    Bird flu strain H10N8 has not been detected in humans until now. In August, scientists reported the first case of transmission of viruses like H7N9 from person to person.

    People should not panic, because the virus is "fragile and limited", explains the doctor .

    In the boom of the avian flu strain H7N9 in China at least 139 people fell ill and 45 of them died. The degree of mortality dramatically decreases from the end of June to now. Cases of H7N9 were found in Hong Kong and Taiwan.

    Although China has previously detected H10N8 in wild and domestic birds, this is the first ever report of H10N8 isolated from a patient. Given the potentially unpredictable behaviour of influenza viruses, vigilance and close monitoring is needed.

    WHO reports that outside of China, the virus has been found in at least six countries (Italy, USA, Canada, South Korea, Sweden and Japan) in poultry since 1965 year. For people infected with flu virus strain H10N7 was reported from Egypt and Australia. All these patients were admitted with mild clinical signs have fully recovered.

    How to prevent of bird flu :

    Avoid contact with sick or dead poultry. Keep children away from poultry.
    Avoid touching any surfaces that may have been contaminated with poultry feces or blood.
    Do not eat raw or undercooked poultry. Cook poultry to internal temperature of 70°C (until meat is not pink in the centre) and do not touch cooked meat with raw meat.
    Clean cooking implements that have been in contact with raw meat before re-using.
    Wash hands regularly, especially after handling poultry, while cooking and before eating.
    Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.
    WHO does not recommend any specific measures be applied to travellers at this time.
    Poultry, poultry products (eggs) and pork can be safely consumed provided they are properly cooked and properly handled during food preparation.

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